template<class T>
Magnum::Math::Vector2 class

Two-component vector.

Template parameters
T Data type

See Operations with matrices and vectors for brief introduction.

Base classes

template<std::size_t size, class T>
class Vector
Vector.

Public static functions

static auto xAxis(T length = T(1)) -> Vector2<T> constexpr
Vector in direction of X axis (right)
static auto yAxis(T length = T(1)) -> Vector2<T> constexpr
Vector in direction of Y axis (up)
static auto xScale(T scale) -> Vector2<T> constexpr
Scaling vector in direction of X axis (width)
static auto yScale(T scale) -> Vector2<T> constexpr
Scaling vector in direction of Y axis (height)

Constructors, destructors, conversion operators

Vector2(ZeroInitT = ZeroInit) constexpr noexcept
Default constructor.

Vector2(NoInitT) explicit noexcept
Construct vector without initializing the contents.

Vector2(T value) explicit constexpr noexcept
Construct vector with one value for all components.
Vector2(T x, T y) constexpr noexcept
Constructor.
template<class U>
Vector2(const Vector<2, U>& other) explicit constexpr noexcept
Construct vector from another of different type.
template<class U, class V = decltype(Implementation::VectorConverter<2, T, U>::from(std::declval<U>()))>
Vector2(const U& other) explicit constexpr
Construct vector from external representation.
Vector2(const Vector<2, T>& other) constexpr noexcept
Copy constructor.

Public functions

auto x() -> T&
X component.
auto x() const -> T constexpr
auto y() -> T&
Y component.
auto y() const -> T constexpr
auto perpendicular() const -> Vector2<T>
Perpendicular vector.
auto aspectRatio() const -> T
Aspect ratio.

Function documentation

template<class T>
static Vector2<T> Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::xAxis(T length = T(1)) constexpr

Vector in direction of X axis (right)

Usable for translation in given axis, for example:

Matrix3::translation(Vector2::xAxis(5.0f)); // same as Matrix3::translation({5.0f, 0.0f});

template<class T>
static Vector2<T> Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::yAxis(T length = T(1)) constexpr

Vector in direction of Y axis (up)

See xAxis() for more information.

template<class T>
static Vector2<T> Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::xScale(T scale) constexpr

Scaling vector in direction of X axis (width)

Usable for scaling along given direction, for example:

Matrix3::scaling(Vector2::xScale(-2.0f)); // same as Matrix3::scaling({-2.0f, 1.0f});

template<class T>
static Vector2<T> Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::yScale(T scale) constexpr

Scaling vector in direction of Y axis (height)

See xScale() for more information.

template<class T>
Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::Vector2(ZeroInitT = ZeroInit) constexpr noexcept

Default constructor.

\[ \boldsymbol v = \boldsymbol 0 \]

template<class T>
Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::Vector2(T x, T y) constexpr noexcept

Constructor.

\[ \boldsymbol v = \begin{pmatrix} x \\ y \end{pmatrix} \]

template<class T> template<class U>
Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::Vector2(const Vector<2, U>& other) explicit constexpr noexcept

Construct vector from another of different type.

Performs only default casting on the values, no rounding or anything else. Example usage:

Vector<4, Float> floatingPoint(1.3f, 2.7f, -15.0f, 7.0f);
Vector<4, Byte> integral(floatingPoint);
// integral == {1, 2, -15, 7}

template<class T>
T Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::x() const constexpr

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It differs from the above function only in what argument(s) it accepts.

template<class T>
T Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::y() const constexpr

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It differs from the above function only in what argument(s) it accepts.

template<class T>
Vector2<T> Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::perpendicular() const

Perpendicular vector.

Returns vector rotated 90° counterclockwise.

\[ \boldsymbol v_\bot = \begin{pmatrix} -v_y \\ v_x \end{pmatrix} \]

template<class T>
T Magnum::Math::Vector2<T>::aspectRatio() const

Aspect ratio.

Returns quotient of the two elements. Enabled only for floating-point types.

\[ a = \frac{v_x}{v_y} \]