Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication class

Windowless EGL application.

Application for offscreen rendering using WindowlessEglContext. This application library is in theory available for all platforms for which EGL works (Linux desktop or ES, iOS, Android and also Emscripten). See other Windowless*Application classes for an alternative. It is built if WITH_WINDOWLESSEGLAPPLICATION is enabled in CMake.

Bootstrap application

Fully contained windowless application using WindowlessEglApplication along with CMake setup is available in windowless branch of Magnum Bootstrap repository, download it as tar.gz or zip file. After extracting the downloaded archive you can build and run the application with these four commands:

mkdir build && cd build
cmake ..
cmake --build .
./src/MyApplication # or ./src/Debug/MyApplication

See Usage with CMake for more information.

Bootstrap application for Emscripten

Fully contained windowless application together with Emscripten support along with full HTML markup and CMake setup is available in windowless-emscripten branch of Magnum Bootstrap repository, download it as tar.gz or zip file. After extracting the downloaded archive, you can do the desktop build in the same way as above. For the Emscripten build you also need to put the contents of toolchains repository from https://github.com/mosra/toolchains in toolchains/ subdirectory. There are two toolchain files. The generic/Emscripten.cmake is for the classical (asm.js) build, the generic/Emscripten-wasm.cmake is for WebAssembly build. Don't forget to adapt EMSCRIPTEN_PREFIX variable in toolchains/generic/Emscripten*.cmake to path where Emscripten is installed; you can also pass it explicitly on command-line using -DEMSCRIPTEN_PREFIX. Default is /usr/emscripten.

Then create build directory and run cmake and build/install commands in it. Set CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH to where you have all the dependencies installed, set CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX to have the files installed in proper location (a webserver, e.g. /srv/http/emscripten).

mkdir build-emscripten && cd build-emscripten
cmake .. \
    -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE="../toolchains/generic/Emscripten.cmake" \
    -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/usr/lib/emscripten/system \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/srv/http/emscripten
cmake --build .
cmake --build . --target install

You can then open MyApplication.html in your browser (through a webserver, e.g. http://localhost/emscripten/MyApplication.html).

Detailed information about deployment for Emscripten and all needed boilerplate together with a troubleshooting guide is available in JavaScript, HTML5 and WebGL.

General usage

In order to use this library from CMake, you need to copy FindEGL.cmake from the modules directory in Magnum source to the modules/ dir in your project (so it is able to find the EGL library). Request the WindowlessEglApplication component of the Magnum package and link to the Magnum::WindowlessEglApplication target:

find_package(Magnum REQUIRED WindowlessEglApplication)

# ...
target_link_libraries(your-app Magnum::WindowlessEglApplication)

If no other application is requested, you can also use the generic Magnum::WindowlessApplication alias to simplify porting. Again, see Downloading and building and Usage with CMake for more information.

Place your code into exec(). The subclass can be then used in main function using MAGNUM_WINDOWLESSEGLAPPLICATION_MAIN() macro. See Platform support for more information.

class MyApplication: public Platform::WindowlessEglApplication {
    // implement required methods...
};
MAGNUM_WINDOWLESSEGLAPPLICATION_MAIN(MyApplication)

If no other application header is included, this class is also aliased to Platform::WindowlessApplication and the macro is aliased to MAGNUM_WINDOWLESSAPPLICATION_MAIN() to simplify porting.

Public types

struct Arguments
Application arguments.
using Configuration = WindowlessEglContext::Configuration
Configuration.

Constructors, destructors, conversion operators

WindowlessEglApplication(const Arguments& arguments, const Configuration& configuration = Configuration()) explicit
Default constructor.
WindowlessEglApplication(const Arguments& arguments, NoCreateT) explicit
Constructor.
WindowlessEglApplication(const Arguments& arguments, std::nullptr_t) deprecated explicit
Constructor.
WindowlessEglApplication(const WindowlessEglApplication&) deleted
Copying is not allowed.
WindowlessEglApplication(WindowlessEglApplication&&) deleted
Moving is not allowed.

Public functions

auto operator=(const WindowlessEglApplication&) -> WindowlessEglApplication& deleted
Copying is not allowed.
auto operator=(WindowlessEglApplication&&) -> WindowlessEglApplication& deleted
Moving is not allowed.
auto exec() -> int pure virtual
Execute application.

Protected functions

void createContext(const Configuration& configuration = Configuration())
Create context with given configuration.
auto tryCreateContext(const Configuration& configuration) -> bool
Try to create context with given configuration.

Typedef documentation

typedef WindowlessEglContext::Configuration Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::Configuration

Configuration.

Function documentation

Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::WindowlessEglApplication(const Arguments& arguments, const Configuration& configuration = Configuration()) explicit

Default constructor.

Parameters
arguments Application arguments
configuration Configuration

Creates application with default or user-specified configuration. See Configuration for more information. The program exits if the context cannot be created, see tryCreateContext() for an alternative.

Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::WindowlessEglApplication(const Arguments& arguments, NoCreateT) explicit

Constructor.

Parameters
arguments Application arguments

Unlike above, the context is not created and must be created later with createContext() or tryCreateContext().

Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::WindowlessEglApplication(const Arguments& arguments, std::nullptr_t) explicit

Constructor.

int Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::exec() pure virtual

Execute application.

Returns Value for returning from main()

See MAGNUM_WINDOWLESSEGLAPPLICATION_MAIN() for usage information.

void Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::createContext(const Configuration& configuration = Configuration()) protected

Create context with given configuration.

Must be called if and only if the context wasn't created by the constructor itself. Error message is printed and the program exits if the context cannot be created, see tryCreateContext() for an alternative.

bool Magnum::Platform::WindowlessEglApplication::tryCreateContext(const Configuration& configuration) protected

Try to create context with given configuration.

Unlike createContext() returns false if the context cannot be created, true otherwise.